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100+ Human Food Dogs Can & Can't Eat

Check what human foods are safe for dogs to eat in moderation. Click here for some general rules on what dogs should eat. You can also click the green + icon next for more info on each food.

What Can Dogs Eat
Food Item Can Dogs Eat this Food?

General Human Food Safety Tips

Here are some general rules to consider to help you determine what human food is safe or unsafe for dogs to eat in moderation.

  • The 10% rule: just because certain foods are safe for dogs doesn't mean you should be letting them eat a lot of it. Follow the 10% rule where human food and treats shouldn't consist of more than 10% of a dog's daily calorie intake.
  • Introducing new food: whenever you introduce a new food or treat to your dog, you should always test it first by only letting the dog eat a tiny bite-size piece. This will allow you to monitor for allergies and other health complications.
  • Offer small pieces: certain foods may pose a choke risk for dogs due to having a hard texture. Always purée, mash, or cut the human food into smaller pieces to reduce the risk of obstructions forming in the dog's gastrointestinal tract.
  • Check the product label: always check what ingredients a store-bought food contains before you let your dog eat it. Certain products may contain non-visible ingredients that are toxic to dogs. Xylitol, for example, is toxic to dogs and used in many dessert recipes and products.
  • Lactose intolerance: many dogs are lactose intolerant so it's best to not feed them any products that use dairy as an ingredient. Dogs with lactose intolerance that eat dairy-based products may suffer from diarrhea, vomiting, and other digestive symptoms.
  • Keep it plain: avoid letting your dog eat food that contains seasoning and additives. Too much salt or sugar, for example, is harmful for dogs.
  • Avoid 'empty' calorie food: avoid feeding your dog human foods that are high in calories and low in nutrients, such as plain bread. These foods can lead to weight gains and increase the long-term risk of health problems like heart disease.
  • Cooking methods: some vegetables are better-served cooked than raw. We would suggest roasting, baking, or steaming the vegetables before you serve them to your dog. Boiling works as well but nutrients may leak out from the vegetables during the boiling process.

What to Do if Your Dog Gets Sick from eating Human Food

If your dog becomes sick from eating a certain type of human food, it's important to call the vet immediately to determine whether an emergency visit is necessary. The severity of symptoms from eating unsafe human foods can range from mild to severe.

For mild cases, dogs may just end up with a stomach upset or temporary diarrhea which will eventually disappear after a couple of days. In such cases, the vet may just ask you to monitor the dog, especially if it only involves a tiny amount of human food.

Severe cases, however, can really be severe. For example, a dog recently had life-saving emergency surgery after eating several packets of chocolate coins. It's not just the chocolate which is dangerous to dogs, it's the wrapper as well (which can cause obstructions in the dog's digestive system). Never assume your dog is okay after eating unsafe human foods, even if their behavior suggests they are fine. Some dogs may instinctively try to hide their sickness so it's best to call the vet for advice.

If your vet isn't immediately available then another option is to call an organization like the Pet Poison Hotline. They may also be able to give you emergency advice if your dog ate something he shouldn't have.